Diamond Education

The 4 C's
 

Diamonds – what should you know about diamonds and brilliants?

Diamond or brilliant? What is the difference? Well, diamonds – that’s how we professionally call diamonds with a brilliant cut – these are the beautiful stones that can be found in diamond rings or wedding rings set with diamonds.

Understanding the 4 C’s of Diamonds Shopping

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Clarity

Completely pure diamonds are extremely rare. Almost all of them contain some internal dirt, cracks or growths that reduce transparency. The following symbols are used to describe a diamond’s purity:

LC, FL, IF (Loupe Clean, Flawless, Internally Flawless)
It means the highest cleanliness, where under a standard 10x magnifying glass you can not find any internal growths or other damage.

VVS1, VVS2 (Very Very Slightly Included)
Cleanliness where, when examined with a 10x magnifier, it is very difficult to detect any infixes or damage.

VS1, VS2 (Very Slightly Included)
Readability where the stone, when assessed with the naked eye, appears to be devoid of inclusions or damage and their detection under a 10x magnifying glass is relatively easy.

SI1, SI2 (Slightly Included)
Cleanliness with which it is difficult to see with the naked eye, infixes and damage, and when examined with a 10x magnifier, they are very visible.

P1, P2, P3 / I1, I2, I3 (Pique / Included)
Cleanliness where infiltrations and dirt are easily visible to the naked eye.

Diamond Clarity Descriptions
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Cut

We have already mentioned that a diamond becomes a brilliant the moment it is cut. The task of the cut, on the other hand, is to bring out its best features from the diamond – only grinding makes it possible to see how the light refracts in it, creating a wonderful brilliant.

Diamond cutters are assessed on a special five-point scale, during which several elements are assessed – the shape, proportions and cut finish. Depending on the proportions, we can distinguish three types of cuts – ideal, i.e. the one with all proportions, deep cut, in which the stone is long and quite narrow, and tile cut, which results in a flat and short brilliant. It should be remembered that the wrong cut has a huge impact on the final value of a diamond and it is the cut evaluation that is the most important element of the stone valuation.

Diamond Clarity Descriptions
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Color

The vast majority of mined diamonds have a delicate brown or yellow color. As a rule, the whiter a diamond, the higher its value. The exception are very rare diamonds with intense colors called fancy colors, incl. blue, pink, green. The term: fancy color, is used only for diamonds whose color is natural, not achieved by artificial dyeing technology.

Diamond Color Descriptions
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Carat (Size)

One of the most important criteria when choosing a diamond is its weight, which is given in carats. One carat (1 ct) equals 0.2 grams. A carat is divided into 100 points, i.e. a diamond with 50 points will weigh 0.50 ct, which corresponds to 0.1 grams. The correct values for a 1-carat round brilliant cut stone are approximately 6.5 mm in diameter and 3.9 mm in height. A half carat diamond (0.5 ct) should be approximately 5.2 mm in diameter and 3.1 mm in height.

Diamond Sizing Descriptions
Proin eget tortor risus. Vivamus magna justo, lacinia eget consectetur sed, convallis at tellus. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Donec velit neque, auctor sit amet aliquam vel, ullamcorper sit amet ligula. Mauris blandit aliquet elit, eget tincidunt nibh pulvinar a. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Donec velit neque, auctor sit amet aliquam vel, ullamcorper sit amet ligula. Donec rutrum congue leo eget malesuada. Vivamus suscipit tortor eget felis porttitor volutpat. Curabitur aliquet quam id dui posuere blandit. Sed porttitor lectus nibh. Nulla porttitor accumsan tincidunt. Quisque velit nisi, pretium ut lacinia in, elementum id enim. Nulla quis lorem ut libero malesuada feugiat. Nulla quis lorem ut libero malesuada feugiat. Quisque velit nisi, pretium ut lacinia in, elementum id enim.